Heterobasidion irregulare, Phellinus weirii, Onnia tomemtosa and Phaeolus schweinitzii

Root Diseases Caused By Basidiomycetes

Annosus Root Rot - Heterobasidion irregulare

Heterobasidion

Dried fruiting bodies of Heterobasidion irregulare. 

Heterobasidion

Fruiting bodies as they appear at the basr of a red pine.

Heterobasidion

The bottom pore surface of a fruiting body showing irregular shaped pores and a sterile zone with no pores at the edges.

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Asexual spores.The asexual form has been named Spiniger (old name Oedocephalum).

Heterobasidion

A cross section from the base of a red pine with Heterobasidion root rot. Tree defenses, dark red resin, can be seen at the border between infected and sound wood.


Laminated Root Rot - Phellinus weirii and Phellinus sulphurascens

Phellinus weirii

Fruiting bodies of Phellinus weirii. 

Phellinus weirii

Infected stumps and wood with this fungus have brown mycelium that contains setae. These reddish brown hair-like projections are useful to diagnose the root rot.

setae

Brown setae on surface of decayed wood viewed with a hand lens. Often referred to by foresters as red whiskers

laminated root rot

Delamination of the decayed wood often occurs at the annual rings causing the growth rings to separate. This characteristic give this root rot its common name - laminated root rot.

Phellinus weirii

The decay is a white pocket rot.

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Young Douglas-fir trees with Phellinus root rot.


Stand Opening Disease of Spruce - Onnia tomentosa

Onia tomentosa

Decay in the roots at the lower trunk.

Onia tomentosa

White pocket rot caused by Onia tomentosa

Onia fruiting bodies

Fruiting bodies of Onnia tomentosa.


Brown Root and Butt Rot of Conifers - Phaeolus schweinitzii

Fruiting bodies of Phaeolus schweinitzii.

Phaeolus

The top of the fruiting bodies have a velvety appearance.

Phaeolus top of fruiting body

Fruiting body coming up from a decayed root.

Phaeolus bottom of fruiting body

The bottom of a fruiting body showing the pores.

Brown root rot

Phaeolus schweinitzii causes a brown root and butt rot. Fruiting bodies can be seen in this photo on the surface of an infected stump. The brown rotted wood is also apparent.