Lophodermium, Hypodermella and Elytroderma
Lophodermium pinastri on pines
Hysterothecia (also refered to as apothecia) on pine needles infected by Lophodermium.
Section through the hysterothecium showing asci and long thread-like ascospores
Hypodermella pini- on fir
Large hysterothecia, occupying almost the entire length of the needle, are present on a few of these needles.
Elytroderma deformans - on western species of pine
Black hysteriothecia (refered to as apothecia in some texts) are clearly evident on these needles.
Hysterothecia on needles.